What Is CBD?

What Is Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) (INN) is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis. It is a major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. CBD is considered to have a wide scope of potential medical applications – due to clinical reports showing the lack of side effects, particularly a lack of psychoactivity (as is typically associated with ∆9-THC), and non-interference with several psychomotor learning.

THC is the compound that makes one high, and does this by binding to the CB1 receptor in the brain. It does provide some health benefits thanks to its analgesic, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, but the side effects usually outweigh the benefits, and this is why THC isn’t regarded as a treatment solution.

What Is Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) is probably the best known cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, along with THC. Although the two compounds share the same roots, they don’t carry the same traits, and their effects on the human body are very different. CBD on the other hand has a greater affinity to the CB2 receptor, so it interacts differently with the nervous system and doesn’t elicit a psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD provides numerous health benefits, such as antioxidant, antiemetic, anticonvulsant and anti-tumoral properties. Moreover, it counteracts the psychoactivity of THC, and acts as a natural antidepressant and neuroprotective agent.

Psychosis

There is tentative evidence that CBD had an anti-psychotic effect, but research in this area is limited.

Safety

CBD safety in humans has been studied in multiple small studies, suggesting that it is well tolerated at doses of up to 1500 mg/day (p.o.) or 30 mg (i.v.).

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